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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Allium canadense L.
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion
USDA Symbol: alca3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Meadow garlic or wild garlic’s sparse cluster of grass-like leaves and its 8-12 in. flowering stalk grow from a bulb. From between narrow, grass-like leaves, which originate near its base, rises a stem topped by a dome-like cluster of star-shaped, pink or whitish flowers; plant has strong, onion-like odor.
This native perennial has a brown, fibrous skin on an edible bulb that tastes like onion.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.B. to SD, s. to n. FL & TX Native Habitat:
Open woods; prairies USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moderately rich, neutral soils.
Conditions Comments: Some Allium species can become weedy in warmer climates. Tolerates all conditions well; very hearty plant. Make sure soil is well-drained, plants will rot in standing water. Generally free of pests and disease, although some people have had problems with slugs.
Bulbs and leaves are eaten by wild turkeys. Use Food:
There are many bulb
forming plants that resemble wild onions, some are toxic. Only harvest plants with the distinct odor of onions. The chopped green leaves can be used like chives and the bulbs are cooked as any other onions. Use Medicinal:
Crushed bulbs applied to insect stings.
Bulbs eaten raw for scurvy. Tea of bulbs to control coughs and vomiting. Infusion of bulb
used as eyewash and ear and for ear infections. Bruised onion to treat stings of bees and wasps.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Best would be to salvage, or seed out in nursery bed and divide small bulbs several years later.
Seed Collection: Blooming in early spring, seeds ready to harvest soon after.
Seed Treatment: Easily propagated by untreated seed sown in warm location in late winter.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible Native Plants for a Small Austin Garden
March 15, 2010
Hello Mr. Smarty Plants (or Mrs. or Miss, whomever is answering this go'round)!
First off, thank you so much for all the help you have given me in the past. Secondly, the company my husband works ...
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Edible Plants for North Georgia
January 10, 2010
We are planning a forest food garden in the hollers of the N GA Mountains.
Which edible fruit, nut, berry, herb and creepers would be best for this reddish, clay-like soil? The food garden is in...
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From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2012-12-06
Research By: NPC, MWJ