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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Yucca arkansana Trel.
Arkansas yucca, Softleaf yucca
USDA Symbol: yuar2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
In open fields and at the edges of thickets on upland soils. Leaves from the base, sharp pointed, with curly white fibers on the margins. Flower stalk erect, 6-7 ft., arising from the clump of basal leaves, usually unbranched. Flowers with 3 showy, greenish white, petals and 3 similar sepals, appearing from April to June. Fruit a capsule, opening from the tip when dry. Seeds many, flat, waferlike, black when mature.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AR , KS , MO , OK , TX Native Distribution:
AR & OK to c. TX Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type.
Conditions Comments: Smaller and more flower-like than other yuccas.
Shortgrass meadow Conspicuous Flowers:
Yuccas will germinate promptly from fresh seed held over winter. Seeds germinate best in 60-70 degree temperatures. Yuccas may also be grown from rhizomes, stem
cuttings, or by digging offsets from the side of established plants. Transplant into a well Seed Collection:
Gather capsules as they begin to dry but before they split. Allow to dry, then crush to remove seeds. Overwinter, keep seeds in moist sand in the refrigerator. For longer storage periods, keep in sealed, refrigerated containers. Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2008-06-01
Research By: TWC Staff