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Viburnum opulus var. americanum Ait.
American cranberry bush, Highbush-cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum
Synonyms: Viburnum trilobum
USDA Symbol: viopa2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Highbush-cranberry is a 6-12 ft. shrub which can reach 16 ft. Dense upright or arching branches create a round outline. Maple-like, deciduous foliage is colorful in fall. White, flat-topped clusters of flowers are followed by persistent red berries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Red, Orange Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SD , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Nf. to B.C., s. to NJ, n. IN, n. IL, Black Hills, WY & WA Native Habitat:
Cool woods; thickets; rocky shores; slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Wet to average, well-drained loams.
Conditions Comments: Flood, disease and insect tolerant. Transplants easily. Edible berries.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Songbirds, gamebirds, small mammals.
Use Food: The berries make an excellent winter-survival food because they remain above the snow and are sweeter after freezing. (Kershaw)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Spring Azure
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Viburnum opulus var. americanum
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Collect the fruit
as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees. Seed Treatment:
If seeds must be stored, they will need a period of stratification. Commercially Avail:
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DE
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2010-05-08
Research By: TWC Staff