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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Vernonia baldwinii Torr.
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed
USDA Symbol: veba
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Western ironweed’s 3-5 ft. stems occur singly or in clumps, and are stout and hairy. Wide clusters of vibrant, red-violet flowers form at the ends of short branches near the top of the plant. Because the flowers are all of the disk variety, the 6 in. wide flower cluster has a fuzzy appearance. Long, lance-shaped leaves line the stems.
This plant aggressively colonizes by rhizomes once established so place accordingly. Its bloom period lasts until frost.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
AR , CO , IA , IL , KS , LA , MN , MO , NE , NM , OK , SD , TX Native Distribution:
S.c. IL to NE, s. to LA & TX Native Habitat:
Disturbed sites; open woods; fields USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Rocky or sandy soils. Clay, Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy, Limestone-based, Caliche type
Conditions Comments: Best in natural areas and large meadows where large colonies can be appreciated. Can be rampant colonizer when planted in garden soils. Roots travel in all directions from plant about one foot deep. Difficult to control once plant is well established. Bloom period lasts from summer until frost.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial
garden, Pocket prairie Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Deer Resistant:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Few seeds are fertile, so sow thickly when soil temperature is warm. May also be propagated by root division and softwood tip cuttings.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0283
Collected Oct 9, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
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Record Modified: 2012-12-09
Research By: LAL