Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Salix exigua Nutt.
Coyote willow, Narrow-leaf willow, Narrowleaf willow, Sandbar willow
Synonyms: Salix hindsiana
USDA Symbol: saex
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A small, clumping, deciduous shrub or tree, from 4-15 ft. tall. The bark is gray and furrowed; the leaves silky-gray. Catkins appear after the leaves.
This hardy species has perhaps the greatest range of all tree willows: from the Yukon River in central Alaska to the Mississippi River in southern Louisiana. A common and characteristic shrub along streams throughout the interior, especially the Great Plains and Southwest, it is drought-resistant and suitable for planting on stream bottoms to prevent surface erosion. Livestock browse the foliage; Indians made baskets from the twigs and bark.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NE , NM , NV , OR , TX , UT , WA , WY Canada: AB
, ON Native Distribution:
Cismontane CA to OR Native Habitat:
Along ditches & sandbars mostly below 3000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet sandy gravels.
Conditions Comments: Excellent for stream stabilization as the plant suckers profusely.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Willows are among the easiest of all plants to root from cuttings. Stem
and root cuttings are used. Propagation is also accomplished by sowing fresh, untreated seed onto a moist seedbed. Seed viability lasts only a few days. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
No treatment is necessary. Commercially Avail:
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2008-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff