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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Rosa nutkana K. Presl
USDA Symbol: ronu
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Nootka rose is a 2-10 ft., prickly to nearly unarmed, wild rose with extraordinarily large, solitary (sometimes 2-3 in a cluster), pink flowers at branch ends. The flowers, which can be up to 3 1/2 in. across, are followed by big, purplish, pear-shaped hips. The light-green leaves are pinnately compound. A thorny shrub with pale pink flowers, the largest (often only) thorns in pairs near leaf stalks.
The hips, or fruit, of any wild roses may be eaten and are often used to make jams and jellies. Sweetbrier (R. eglanteria), the Eglantine of Shakespeare and Chaucer, has many down-curved prickles on the stem, and minute glands on the leaves and sepals, giving a pleasant rose aroma. Introduced in North America, it is fairly common west of the Cascade Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Dark Green Fruit:
Purple, Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AK , CA , CO , ID , MT , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY Canada: BC Native Distribution:
AK, s. to n. CA & in the Rockies s. to CO & UT Native Habitat:
Dryish to moist, wooded to open sites USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to drier soils.
Conditions Comments: In areas where both R. nutkana and R. woodsii occur, R. nutkana is typically at higher elevations. It is susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Bees
Warning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Larval Host: Mourning cloak and grey hairstreak butterflies
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationDescription: Seeds removed from dried hips germinate slowly; outside stratification over a winter helps. Small offsets from the parent root transplant well.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff