Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Rosa californica Cham. & Schlecht.
California rose, California wildrose
USDA Symbol: roca2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A mounded, 3-6 ft., semi-deciduous shrub with prickly branches; bright-green, pinnate leaves; fragrant, pink flowers and red hips.
The California Rose is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae), which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. Besides garden roses and wild roses like this one, the family includes many fruit species, including apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
CA , OR Native Distribution:
S. OR to Baja through cismontane CA Native Habitat:
A variety of moist sites below 6000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Wet CaCO3 Tolerance:
None Soil Description:
Moist to mesic soils. Conditions Comments:
Likes shade in the interior; sun at higher elevations or near the coast. Barbed prickles make the shrub
impenetrable. Susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Provides good wildlife habitat.
Use Food: Edible hips.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Seeds removed from dried hips germinate slowly; outside stratification over a winter helps. Small offsets from the parent root transplant well.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff