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Prunus angustifolia Marsh.
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum
USDA Symbol: pran3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A twiggy, thicket-forming tree, 15-30 ft. tall, with fragrant white flowers in flat-topped clusters and yellow fruit ripening to red in August or September. Short, crooked trunk and flat-topped crown. Scaly, nearly black bark. Reddish branches are covered with thorn-like side branches. Pale-yellow fall foliage. Thicket-forming shrub or sometimes a small tree, with slender, spreading branches, small white flowers, and red plums.
Cultivated by the Chickasaw Indians and other indigenous peoples before the arrival of Europeans. This plum is eaten fresh and made into jellies and preserves. Improved varieties are grown in the Southeast.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Evergreen Size Notes:
Normally around 12 feet tall Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Flowers 8-9 mm wide
Red up to 25 mm long Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
AL , AR , CA , CO , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NM , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV Native Distribution:
NJ to IL, MO & s. NE, s. to FL & TX. Introduced elsewhere. Native Habitat:
Open woodlands, woodland edges, forest openings, savannahs, prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, fence rows, roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Sandy, loose
Conditions Comments: In full sun, will be more dense and full and will colonize more thickly. In the part shade of woodlands, will be more airy, loose, and delicate in appearance and will colonize more loosely.
Attractive, aromatic thicket plum for landscape restorations and shelter belt plantings. Use Wildlife:
Birds and mammals eat the fruit. Various insects visit the flowers. Provides cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Use Food:
can be eaten fresh and is made into jellies, desserts, and preserves. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Nectar Source:
Hardwood Cuttings , Root Cuttings , Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings Description:
Prunus species may be rooted from dormant hardwood, softwood, semi-hardwood, or root cuttings. Semi-hardwood and softwood cuttings taken in summer root easiest. Germination of most seeds requires cold stratification. Seed Collection:
when it is filled out, firm, and its ripe color. Clean seeds from pulp and briefly air dry. (Seeds to be sown immediately in fall do not need drying.) Storage viability is maintained at 31-41 degrees. Seed Treatment:
For spring sowing, stratify seeds in moist sand for 30-60 days in a greenhouse, then cold stratify (36-41 degrees) for 60-90 days. Plant well before high temperatures. Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2009-03-14
Research By: TWC Staff