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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fée
Broad beech fern, Broad beechfern
Synonyms: Thelypteris hexagonoptera, Dryopteris hexagonoptera
USDA Symbol: phhe11
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Fronds of the broad beech fern occur singly along a creeping rhizome and are 1-2 ft. long, twice-pinnate, and broadly triangular, holding a bright-green color throughout the entire growing season. The lowermost, two pinnae point downward. Along the rachis (the central axis found within the blade portion of the fern) is a conspicuous wing – an extension of the green, leafy material.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: ON
, QC Native Distribution:
Que. & ME to Ont. & s.e. MN, s. to n. FL & TX Native Habitat:
Moist, undisturbed, hardwood forests USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil Description:
Moist, acid, humus-rich soil. Conditions Comments:
Broad beech fern
spreads rapidly. It dies back in the winter and when it receives too much sun.
Propagate by spores or rhizome
division. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DE
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Record Modified: 2008-06-01
Research By: TWC Staff