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Tauscher, Joseph Allan
Lilium catesbaei Walt.
Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily
USDA Symbol: lica4
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A 2 ft. perennial with alternate, narrow, ascending leaves. The single, terminal flower is erect; the petals and similar sepals are curved backward and are orange toward the tip, yellow and purple-spotted toward the base.
Catesby’s Lily is a member of the lily family (family Liliaceae). Lilies are mostly perennial herbs from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. The family is extremely complex, and botanists estimate 250 genera and 4,000-6,000 species. Many, including tulips and day lilies, are handsome ornamentals. Asparagus, Sarsaparilla, onions, and the medicinally useful Aloe are from the family.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Flowers 5 to 6 inches across
2 inches Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from s.e. VA to s. MS & LA Native Habitat:
Wet pinelands, savannas, coastal plains, & bogs USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Wet, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Likes moist soils. Tolerates flooding in winter.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Valued for brilliant scarlet-orange flowers in late summer.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb,
which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection with usually germinate in the fall and overwinter as tiny bulbs, resuming Seed Collection:
Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule
have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers. Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
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Record Modified: 2011-10-12
Research By: TWC Staff