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Flaigg, Norman G.
Fraxinus berlandieriana DC.
Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash
USDA Symbol: frbe
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Mexican ash is a small, round-topped tree to 30 ft. The light brown bark of young plants becomes much darker and the plants age. Small tree with short trunk and rounded crown of spreading branches. Gray-green to bright-green deciduous leaves are pinnately compound.
Berlandier Ash, a southwestern relative of Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), has fewer and smaller leaflets and smaller fruit and is adapted to a warmer, less humid climate.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
LA , TX Native Distribution:
S. TX to NM & adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Wooded stream banks; canyons USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Various soils. Limestone-based, Caliche type Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay Conditions Comments:
Leafs out earlier and holds leaves longer than many ashes. Rapid growth. This is deemed a weed tree
by organizations (e.g., TX Forest and Agriculture Extension Service) because of its short life span, susceptibility to pests and disease, and habit of constantly dropping small, dead branches.
Long-living, Fast growing, Shade tree Use Wildlife:
Cover, Nesting site, Seeds-granivorous birds, Browse. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Two-tailed tiger swallowtail, Tiger swallow-tail, Orange sulphur, Sleepy orange, Cloudless giant sulphur.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationDescription: Seeds may be sown outdoors after collection or stored and stratified then sown in spring.
Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand or perlite for 30-60 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
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Record Modified: 2010-05-31
Research By: TWC Staff