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Muller, Thomas L.
Fallugia paradoxa (D. Don) Endl. ex Torr.
Apache plume, Ponil
USDA Symbol: fapa
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Apache-plume is a slender, upright, deciduous to semi-evergreen, multi-branched shrub, 2-6 ft. tall, with grayish-white, pubescent branches. A shrub with white flowers and silvery puffs of fruit heads borne at the tips of very dense, intertangled, twiggy, slender branches. Dark green leaves (silver beneath) contrast well with the loose clusters of fragile, white, apple blossom-like flowers. Distinctive, pink, feathery plumes characterize the persistent fruit.
These rather thick shrubs appear unkempt, but in full flower their white petals are attractive against the dark foliage. Fruit clusters with feathery, purplish tails said to resemble Apache headdress.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
Flowers 2 inches
Red 2 inches long Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , OK , TX , UT Native Distribution:
C. & w. TX to CO & s. CA, s. to n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky slopes; open woods; dry washes; 3000 to 8000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Dry, gravelly, sandy soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type
Conditions Comments: Apache plume is easy to grow and blooms the first year from seed. It is good for erosion control because of drought-tolerance and aggressive seeding. It can, however, become too aggressive in optimum conditions. Cut oldest woody stems to the ground to rejuvenate.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Grows in clumps, Blooms ornamental, Color, Winter-hardy, Erosion control, Rocky hillside
Use Wildlife: An important forage plant for wild animals. Nectar-insects, Cover, Nesting site, Nesting material, Browse
Use Medicinal: Hopis steeped leaves and applied the liquid as a rinse to promote hair growth. (Weiner)
Roots dug in fall boiled in water for coughs, spring twigs made into tea for indigestion and spring fever.
Use Other: Slender branches used for sweeping, straight branches used for arrows. Leaves steeped in water used for washing hair.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Germinates readily from fresh, untreated seed that has not been allowed to dry out. Seed that has dried must be stratified. Easily propagated from layers and separation of suckers from horizontal roots.
Seed Collection: Collect from August to November when pink styles of fruits turn white and seed is easily stripped or shaken from tree. Air dry seeds and store in cloth bags in dry, well-ventilated place.
Seed Treatment: Stratify 30 days at 41 degrees. No treatment may give satisfactory results.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Replacing grass with xeric plants in Nevada
March 20, 2009
I am looking to xeriscape my front yard - remove all grass! I am thinking 3-4 larger plants: bird of paradise (mesquite??), aloe, and ..?? Also, possibly a Chilean mesquite.
Do you have suggestio...
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Record Modified: 2010-05-26
Research By: TWC Staff