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Cordia boissieri A. DC.
Mexican olive, Anacahuita, Texas wild olive, Anacahuite
USDA Symbol: cobo2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Locally known as Mexican olive or Anacahuita, Cordia boissieri is an ornamental shrub or tree to 30 ft, with large, soft, dark leaves and large, showy, trumpet-shaped white flowers with yellow throats that are sometimes described as looking like crepe paper or chiffon. Its sinuous trunk becomes picturesque as it ages. It is native no farther north than south Texas because it cant tolerate cold winters, but it has been successfully tried as far north as Austin, where cold winters are likely to cause some die-back. Within its natural range, it is drought-tolerant enough that it is a common highway planting. Birds, deer, and cattle enjoy the sweet 2-3 cm long fruit and butterflies frequent the blooms.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Color white with a yellow throat. Blooms year-round but most profusely from late spring to early summer.
TX Native Distribution:
Rio Grande valley of Texas south to San Luis Potosi in Mexico Native Habitat:
Brushland (Mattoral), Chaparral, Thickets, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Savannahs, Hillsides, Slopes, Pastures, Roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained caliche, sand, sandy loam, medium loam, clay loam, clay, or gravel soils
Conditions Comments: Prefers well-drained soil and full sun. Requires mild winters. Regular watering necessary to establish it, but once established within its natural range, it can be left on its own, making it a popular highway planting in the Valley.
Showy, Long-blooming, Fast growing, Blooms ornamental Use Wildlife:
Nectar-insects, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds. Excessive consumption of fruit
may cause tipsiness in deer and cattle. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Nectar Source:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Plant seed fresh or double-stratify. Take softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings in summer.
Seed Collection: Collect seed when it becomes muted yellow-white or pale brown with interior seed plump and hard. Clean and air dry before storage in cool, dry location.
Seed Treatment: Varies with locale and climate.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Requires much water to get it established but once established it is drought-tolerant.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Plants for green roof in Mexico
August 06, 2008
Hello! I am checking local plants to plant on a Green Roof, and am researching on which are mostly to survive better. Is it possible to plant the following on a green roof?? (Root depth needed, basica...
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Native plants for butterfly garden in Waco, TX
February 03, 2008
Few weeks ago I sent you a letter but never got an answer back.
I would like to have your suggestions of native plants for a butterfly garden (30'x 30') here in Waco. The plants must be (1)drought ...
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Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1046
Collected 2011-06-15 in Starr County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2009-11-17
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG