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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm.
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco
Synonyms: Celtis spinosa var. pallida, Celtis pallida, Celtis tala var. pallida, Momisia pallida
USDA Symbol: ceeh
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
One of the few shrubs in the Celtis genus, this deciduous plant rarely reaches 10 ft. in height. Its numerous spiny branches are whitish gray. The bark is smooth and gray. Leaves are small, roundish, and somewhat rough. Clusters of small, fairly inconspicuous, white flowers are followed by shiny red, orange and yellow fruit ripening in fall but persisting long after leaf-fall.
The species name pallida can be attributed to the paleness of the branches.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
AZ , FL , NM , TX Native Distribution:
W. TX to AZ & n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Mesas; foothills; thickets USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Drier, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Good erosion control.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive
Use Wildlife: Valuable bird and honey plant. The dense growth makes excellent cover for Gambels quail and other birds. Nectar-insects, bees, butterflies, moths. Fruit-mammals, birds. Celtis ehrenbergiana is the host plant source for the occasional population explosions of American Snout Butterflies. During summer releafing at the end of extended droughts, adult American Snout populations can number in the billions in South Texas.
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: American Snout butterfly
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible plants native to Austin, TX
August 05, 2009
I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region.
Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
view the full question and answer
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0864
Collected May 4, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1059
Collected 2011-07-02 in Cameron County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2011-07-31
Research By: TWC Staff