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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata Dougl. ex Hook.
Giant red Indian paintbrush, Indian-paintbrush
Synonyms: Castilleja confusa
USDA Symbol: camim5
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The leafy erect stems of this wildflower support conspicuously bracted, terminal floral clusters. Bracts are usually red, though some forms display a more salmon or even yellow color. Stems are 1-2 ft. long and may be decumbent at the base.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AK , AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , ND , NM , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY Native Distribution:
N. NM & n. AZ Native Habitat:
Pine forest openings in the mts. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to moist, somewhat acid, soils.
Conditions Comments: This species is very close to a number of other western Castilleja spp., and may not be separate from them. Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.
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Record Modified: 2009-01-12
Research By: TWC Staff