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Acer nigrum Michx. f.
USDA Symbol: acni5
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A tree 75-120 ft. tall with a straight central trunk in the forest and a widely spreading branch system in the open. Very similar in all characteristics to sugar maple. Yellow to orange-red fall foliage.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Tomentose Leaf Margin:
Lobed Size Notes:
Medium to tall tree,
up to 100ft. Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Flowers small Fruit:
Green, Brown Two-winged horseshoe-shaped samaras about 1in long, appearing in clusters. Size Class:
More than 100 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers appear with the leaves.
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NS
, QC Native Distribution:
NH to s. Ont., MI & s.e. MN, s. to n.e. NJ, PA, MO & extreme n. AR; also NC & TN mts. Native Habitat:
Bottomlands; drier, calcareous sites; woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Dry to moist, often calcareous soils.
Propagation is possible by seed. Not considered easy to root from cuttings. Seed Collection:
The winged fruit
of maples is called a samara. Seed is usually not extracted from the samara. Seed Treatment:
Cold stratify in a moist sand or peat/perlite mixture for 60-90 days. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Johnstown, PA
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff