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Viburnum lentago L.
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry
USDA Symbol: VILE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A tall viburnum, occasionally growing as a small tree, 20-25 ft. tall. Slender, erect-arching branches, somewhat open at maturity, often suckering. Attractive white flower clusters, dense dark-green summer foliage, wine-red fall color, blue-black berries which persist through winter. Shrub or small tree with short trunk, compact, rounded crown of drooping branches, small white flowers in clusters, and small bluish-black fruit.
When cut, the plants sprout from roots, and old branches will often arch down and take root. Songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals eat the fruit in winter.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Black, Blue Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
CO , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SD , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
Que. to Man. & MT, s. to VA & n.e. MO, e. NE & WY Native Habitat:
Rich, open woods; hillsides; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Sometimes develops mildew in shady areas.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Squirrels, Birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Spring Azure
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Collect the fruit
as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees. Seed Treatment:
If seeds must be stored, they will need a period of stratification. Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2012-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff