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Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
Lingonberry, Northern mountain-cranberry, Cowberry
USDA Symbol: VAVI
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A low, creeping, diffusely branched shrub with leathery, oval, evergreen leaves. Pink, bell-shaped flowers occur in small, terminal clusters and are followed by red, edible berries. A low, evergreen shrub with creeping stems and upright branches bearing small, terminal clusters of pink, nodding, bell-shaped flowers.
The acidic fruits, sometimes called lingonberries, are somewhat bitter but can be used as a substitute for regular cranberries when cooked. They often overwinter on the plant and become sweeter by the time the snow melts.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
AK , CT , MA , ME , MI , MN , NH , VT , WI Canada: AB
, QC Native Distribution:
Greenland to AK, s. at high elevations to New England, n. MN & in the west to B.C. Native Habitat:
Bogs; rocky areas USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Acid, peaty or rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Commonly grown as a ground cover in the Pacific Northwest.
BenefitUse Food: The acid fruits are somewhat bitter but can be used as a substitute for regular cranberries when cooked. (Niering)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Vaccinium species are propagated by seeds, cuttings and rooted suckers of offshoots.
Seed Treatment: Dormancy varies. Cold-moist stratification may be necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Advice on planting Korean dogwood (Cornus kousa) in Vancouver, BC
October 26, 2007
I live in the Vancouver, BC - Pacific Northwest area and the front of our yard faces south to southwest. If I were to plant a tree other than an evergreen, would the Korean Dogwood thrive in this are...
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Record Modified: 2011-01-06
Research By: TWC Staff