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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Rosa carolina L.
Carolina rose, Pasture rose
Synonyms: Rosa carolina var. carolina, Rosa lyoni, Rosa serrulata
USDA Symbol: ROCA4
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A low, freely suckering shrub, Carolina rose grows 1-3 ft. high. From thorny stems are borne fragrant, 2 in. wide, 5-petaled, pink flowers. Flowers occur singly or in small clusters. The fruit, a hip, turns from dark green to bright red as it ripens.
The Carolina Rose is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae) which includes about 2,000 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs worldwide; approximately 77 native and 9 naturalized tree species and many species of shrubs and herbs in North America.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Eastern U.S., w. to WI, IA, MO, extreme s.e. KS & e. TX Native Habitat:
Dry prairies; disturbed areas; sandy, open woods; thickets; roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Rocky or sandy, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Though one of the most shade-tolerant roses, this species grows best in open, sunny locations. It is susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitWarning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Propagated by seed, cuttings or stolon
division. Separate and transplant stems arising from the underground stolons in late fall or early spring. Make softwood cuttings in early spring after vigorous shoot
growth has just started. Semi-hardwood cutting Seed Collection:
Collect seeds as soon as the hips have turned red in the late summer or early fall. Do not allow the seeds to dry out. Seed Treatment:
Remove seeds from pulpy hip. Seeds require stratification (3 months at 40 degrees) and may benefit from scarification. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DENative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff