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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Monotropa uniflora L.
Indian Pipe, Indianpipe
USDA Symbol: MOUN3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Waxy white plant that blackens with age; stems covered with scaly bracts and terminated by a solitary nodding flower that looks like a shepherds hook.
These plants were once believed to absorb all nutrients from decayed organic material, but it is now known that they are associated with a fungus, which obtains nutrients directly from the roots of green plants. Indian Pipe, therefore, is more of a parasite, with the fungus as a bridge between it and its host. The plant turns black as the fruit ripens or when it is picked and dried.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AK , AL , AR , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Northwestern California to Alaska; east across the northern part of the western and most of the eastern United States. Native Habitat:
Deep shaded woods. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Conditions Comments:
This non-green, waxy plant gets its nourishment from decayed organic material through a fungal relationship (mycorrhiza) associated with the roots. The plant turns black as the fruit
ripens or when it is picked and dried. (Niering)
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
September 24, 2008
I found a flower about 5 inches tall and it is Pinkish White the head of it hangs down and looks like a rose that hasn't bloomed yet. It reminds me of an Orchid like Fairy . Its Mystic like! what is ...
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff