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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lonicera sempervirens L.
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine
USDA Symbol: LOSE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
High-climbing, twining vine, 3-20 ft. long, with smooth, glossy, paired, semi-evergreen leaves and 2-4 flowered clusters of red, tubular blooms followed by bright-red berries. Leaves ovate to oblong with smooth, rolled down margins and a blunt or short pointed tip those immediately below the flowers fused at the base. This vine has showy, trumpet-shaped flowers, red outside, yellow inside, in several whorled clusters at the ends of the stems. Papery, exfoliating bark is orange-brown in color. Fruit a red berry.
This beautiful, slender, climbing vine is frequently visited by hummingbirds. Not too aggressive. Good climber or ground cover. The species name refers to its evergreen habit, especially in the South. Upper leaves are united. Five additional species also have upper leaves united. They differ from L. sempervirens in having wide spreading flower lobes.
This species is named for Adam Lonicer (1528 - 1586), a German botanis noted for his 1557 revised version of Eucharius Rösslin’s herbal. He became professor of Mathematics in 1553 and Doctor of Medicine in 1554, becoming the town physician in Frankfurt-am-Main. His true interest though was herbs and the study of botany.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Root Type: Tap Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Usually 15 to 20 feet Leaf:
Flowers 2 inches long.
Red to black. 0.25 in. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Blooms usually red but some cultivars/varieties yellow. Normally blooms mid-spring and intermittently thereafter.
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV Native Distribution:
S. ME to FL & e. TX; scattered inland to IL, Zones 6 to 9 Native Habitat:
East Texas woodlands. Well-drained sand, clay. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(I)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Various soils, but rich preferred. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type. Both lime and acidic OK.
Conditions Comments: Coral honeysuckle requires light, good air circulation, and adequate drainage to prevent powdery mildew. Some structural assistance may be necessary to help it begin climbing. Flowers best when given more sun. Tolerates poor drainage for short periods.
Good twining vine
with prominent blooms for full sun. Great for arbors. Use Wildlife:
Flowers attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Fruits attract quail, Purple Finch, Goldfinch, Hermit Thrush, American Robin. Use Medicinal:
Dried and smoked for asthma, leaves ground by chewing and applied to bee stings. (Weiner)
Leaves make a decoction for sore throats and coughs. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies , Hummingbirds Larval Host:
Spring Azure, Snowberry Clearwing Moth Nectar Source:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: The easiest way to propagate is by softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings taken from summer to fall. Layering is another means of propagation. Seed must be stratified.
Seed Collection: Collect seeds in late summer to early fall when berries turn ripe color. Clean immediately to avoid fermentation and overheating. Store in sealed containers at 34-38 degrees.
Seed Treatment: Stratification for two to three months at 40 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Prune after flowering to shape and control. May have aphids in spring; hose off or allow ladybugs and lacewings to eat. Snip new growth and damaged buds.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Tree and vine for shade and privacy
June 03, 2008
We recently added a deck in our backyard which faces west, we live in Circle C (southwest Austin). The afternoon sun is intense so we're looking to plant something along our fence line to provide sh...
view the full question and answer
Toxicity and invasiveness of Scarlet Wisteria
May 04, 2007
I recently purchased seeds for Scarlet Wisteria (Chinese rattlebox tree). I spoke to a neighbor about this and she warned me not to plant them as they were poisonous to hummingbirds. Can you clarify...
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From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXTexas Discovery Gardens
- Dallas, TXDelaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEBrackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXNative Plant Society of Texas
- Fredericksburg, TXTexas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter
- Fredericksburg, TXGeorgia Native Plant Society
- Atlanta, GANPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Williamson County Chapter
- Georgetown, TX, TX
* Available Online from Wildflower Center Store
Bibref 1207 - Earth Medicine, Earth Food
(1990) Michael A. Weiner
Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
(2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides)
(1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 996 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South
(1994) Wasowski, Sally and Andy Wasowski
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest
(1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country
(1981) Lynch, D.
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants
(2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region
(2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide
(1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife
(1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff