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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners
Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily, Spring spiderlily
Synonyms: Hymenocallis eulae
USDA Symbol: HYLI
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
An elegant and unusual-looking flower, the spider lily has a stem 1–3 feet high, with 2 or 3 blossoms at the top. The flower has 3 white sepals and 3 petals which are alike and unite to form a tube 2–4 inches long, narrow but spreading, and curving backward slightly as they age. The flowers are quite fragrant. The glossy leaves, at the base of the plant, are 6–30 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
AR , LA , MS , OK , TX Native Habitat:
Flood plains, bottomland, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions, Marshes, Stream banks, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Best grown in medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Soils must never be allowed to dry out. Plant bulbs 4” deep and space 6-10” apart in fall. Good for wetland gardens and habitat.
Aromatic, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Bog or pond area, Perennial
garden Use Wildlife:
Nectar-insects Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant:
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: NPC