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Marcus, Joseph A.
Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt.
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dacota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla
Synonyms: Verbena bipinnatifida
USDA Symbol: GLBI2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Gently rounded clusters of bilaterally symmetrical pink, lavender, or purple flowers bloom atop stems with highly divided leaves. The Spanish name, Moradilla, comes from morado (“purple”) and means “little purple one.” This plant often forms brilliant displays of pink or light purple, covering acres of ground. It is a variable complex, with some plants tall and pink-flowered, others more matted and with lavender or purple flowers; the two forms are usually found in separate areas. The genus Glandularia is closely related to Verbena, differing conspicuously in its round-topped clusters of showy flowers; in some references, this species is listed as Verbena ambrosifolia.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit are grown as ornamentals.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb
, Subshrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Pubescence:
Hirsute Leaf Margin:
Terminal Flower: Sepals
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , GA , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NE , NM , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI , WY Native Distribution:
Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas to northern Mexico. Native Habitat:
Common in open grassy areas. Widespread throughout most of the state of Texas. Well-drained sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone. USDA Native Status: L48(N), PR(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for container gardens in Central Texas
March 11, 2008
Dear Mr. Smarty Plants: I moved to TX last year, for now living in an apartment with a good-size but shady deck; my garden in VA was full of VA native plants. What TX natives, if any, can I grow in ...
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List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
Good day, I am searching for a list of native Texas flowers (preferably perennials) for a flower garden.
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From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Fredericksburg Nature Center
- Fredericksburg, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXStengl Biological Research Station
- Smithville, TXTexas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter
- Fredericksburg, TXNPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TXNational Butterfly Center
- Mission, TXNative Seed Network
- Corvallis, ORJacob's Well Natural Area
- Wimberley, TXNPSOT - Williamson County Chapter
- Georgetown, TX, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-0011
Collected 2006-05-22 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-11-05
Research By: TWC Staff