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Northington, David K.
Dalea purpurea var. purpurea Vent.
Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover
Synonyms: Petalostemon purpureus var. purpureus
USDA Symbol: DAPUP
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Purple prairie-clover is a popular prairie perennial with delicate, foliage and showy flowers. Numerous slender stems rise 1-3 feet. and bear small leaves divided into linear segments. Tiny, individual flowers cluster around a cylinder-like cone. The bright, magenta-purple flowers start as a ring around the base of the cone and work upward as the season advances.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AL , AR , AZ , CO , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , ND , NE , NM , NY , OH , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI , WY Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
E. IN to s. Alt., s. to MS, n. TX & NM Native Habitat:
Prairies; open woods, Infrequent in West Texas in open grasslands. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Cold Tolerant:
Well-drained soils. Well-drained calcareous soils. Conditions Comments:
The cheerful purple flowers mix well when planted with grasses in a short grass meadow garden or a mixed perennial
garden with other plants with similar growing requirements. Purple prairie clover is a good source of nectar
for insects and will also last nicely as a cut flower. Like other members of the pea family, this plant adds nutrients back to the soil when planted in masses.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds, Butterflies
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Easily propagated from unstratified seed in fall or stratified seed in spring.
Seed Collection: Collect in Aug. and Sep.
Seed Treatment: Scarification, inoculation, moist stratification for 10 days
Commercially Avail: yes
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From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TX
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2010-05-10
Research By: TWC Staff, GDB