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Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.
USDA Symbol: BOVI
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Reaching a height of 3 ft., this fern is unique in that its fertile portion is really a continuation of the main stem and rises from between the lower-most pinnae. The fronds, which occur singly, appear early in the spring and last through summer, though the fertile portion withers quickly. The sterile portion is twice-pinnate.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb
, Fern Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr , May
AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Circumboreal, irregularly s. in America to FL, Mex. & w. WA Native Habitat:
Moist, rich, deciduous
woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Deep, humus-rich soil.
Conditions Comments: Requires more care than other ferns. Must have proper soil, water, and protection from insects and winds.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by spores.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center
- Nacogdoches, TXNatural Biodiversity
- Johnstown, PA
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0652
Collected Jun 6, 1992 in Medina County by Harry Cliffe
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Record Modified: 2012-07-06
Research By: TWC Staff