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Acer leucoderme Small
Synonyms: Acer saccharum var. eucoderme
USDA Symbol: ACLE
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A southern variation of sugar maple, chalk maple grows to 25 ft. and usually has 2-3 trunks. Its attractive, mature bark is chalky-surfaced. The significant landscape feature of this tree is its brilliant fall foliage. The leaves are smaller than those of Northern sugar maple (Acer saccharum), but the colors are just as bright. Small tree with rounded crown of slender branches and with distinctly whitish bark. Both the common name and the scientific name, meaning white skin, describe the smooth bark.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , DC , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX Native Distribution:
NC to n. FL, w. to e. OK & TX Native Habitat:
Rocky woods; river bluffs; ravines USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained, rocky soils, Sandy, Sandy Loam.
Conditions Comments: Chalk maple displays good dry-soil tolerance, although it needs moisture if grown in brighter sites.
This rare tree
is sometimes planted as a shade tree
in the Southeast. Fall conspicuous, Understory tree. Interesting Foliage:
Seeds Seed Collection:
As soon as samaras turn yellowish or reddish brown and the seeds inside are firm, filled out, and dark brown. Best to gather from the tree
as seeds that have already dropped lose viability quickly and are easily infested. Seed is usually not extracted from the samara. Keep in cold, moist storage. Seed Treatment:
Cold stratification in moist sand or peat/perlite mixture for 2-3 months. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Discovery Gardens
- Dallas, TX
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Record Modified: 2010-04-25
Research By: TWC Staff